18th Infantry

18th Infantry Regiment (United States)

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18th Infantry Regiment (United States)
18 Infantry Regiment COA.png
Coat of arms
Active1861–present
Country United States
BranchUnited States Army
TypeMechanized infantry
Garrison/HQ

1–18: Fort RileyKansas

2–18: Baumholder, Germany
Nickname"Vanguards" (special designation)[1]
MottoIn Omnia Paratus (Prepared for All Things)
Engagements

Philippine-American War
Iloilo, 1899
Panay, 1899

Panay, 1900
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Henry B. Carrington
Thomas H. Ruger
Captain William J. Fetterman
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia18 Infantry Regiment DUI.png
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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The 18th Infantry Regiment ("Vanguards")[1] is a light infantry regiment. The 18th Infantry Regiment currently exists as one active battalion under the U.S. Army Regimental System and has no regimental headquarters.

  • 4th Battalion, 18th Infantry was part of the Berlin Brigade stationed in West Berlin in the 1960s along with the 2d and 3d Battalions, 6th Infantry. West Berlin was 100 miles behind the Iron Curtain in East Germany surrounded by an estimated force of 270,000 Russian and East German troops. The battalion was later reflagged as the 4th Battalion, 6th Infantry.


History[edit]

Established with other US Regular Army Regiments in the Regular Brigade at Camp Thomas, Ohio July 1861. Participated in the Western Campaigns of the War as a part of the US XIV Army Corps Under MG George Thomas, MG John M. Palmer and MG Jefferson C. Davis.Civil War[edit]

Perryville, KY; Stones River, TN; Chicamauga, GA; Chattanooga, TN; Campaign for Atlanta.

  • Utoy Creek GA 5 August 1864 as part of Johnsons 1st Division, XIV Army Corps under MG John M Palmer the Regular Brigade was cited for making a crossing of North Utoy Creek under fire assaulting and driving Armstrongs Confederate Cavalry Brigade Dismounted from their position at Peyton Road. 15th and 18th US Infantry were cited for this action in the Official Records. The Battalion and Regular Brigade and participated in the initial attack 5 August 1864 south of Atlanta at the battle of Utoy Creek, GA in an attempt to break the main siege lines in Atlanta protecting the Railroads at East Point, GA. Conducted a feint assault 6 August 1864 to support XXIII Corps Atack at Utoy Creek and participated in the three week Siege of Atlanta along high ground east of Utoy Creek in SW Atlanta near Willis Mill and Adams Park, GA (Near Current Fort McPherson, GA). 

Indian Wars[edit]

  • Fetterman Massacre. On 21 December 1866, CPT William J. Fetterman took command of a composite force consisting of the former battalion quartermaster, Captain Frederick Brown, 2nd Lt. George Grummond, 49 enlisted troops of the 18th Infantry, 27 men of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment, and 2 civilian scouts. Ignoring his orders not to venture beyond Lodge Trail Ridge (out of sight and support distance from the fort), Fetterman pursued a small band of Sioux and was lured into an ambush. He found himself facing approximately 2,000 Indians. Within 20 minutes, Fetterman and his command had been wiped out.[2]

World War II[edit]

  • Invasion of Normandy. The 18th Infantry Regiment was part of the landing forces that participated in the initial onset of Operation Overlord. The 18th Regimental Combat Team (RCT) was part of the 1st Infantry Division forces that stormed Omaha Beach. The regiment was scheduled to land at 09:30 on Easy Red. The first battalion to land, 2/18, arrived at the E-1 draw 30 minutes late after a difficult passage through the congestion off shore. Casualties were light, though despite the existence of a narrow channel through the beach obstacles the ramps and mines there accounted for the loss 22 LCVP’s, 2 LCI(L)’s and 4 LCT’s. Supported by tank and subsequent naval fire, the newly arrived troops took the surrender of the last strong point defending the entrance to the E-1 draw at 11:30 . Although a usable exit was finally opened, congestion prevented an early exploitation inland. The three battalions of the 115th RCT, scheduled to land from 10:30 on Dog Red and Easy Green came in together and on top of the 18th RCT landings at Easy Red. The confusion prevented the remaining two battalions of the 18th RCT from landing until 13:00 and delayed the move off the beach of all but 2/18, which had exited the beach further east before noon, until 14:00. Even then, this movement was hampered by mines and enemy positions still in action further up the draw.[4]
Easy Red sector of the Omaha Beach landings, 6 June 1944

Global War on Terror[edit]

  • Operation Iraqi Freedom II. In January 2004 the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment deployed as part of the 2nd "Dagger" Brigade Combat Team1st Infantry Division from their home station in Schweinfurt, Germany in support of OIF II. 1–18 Infantry redeployed to Schweinfurt, Germany in February 2005.
  • Operation Iraqi Freedom 2008-2009 1st Battalion was sent to Baghdad in support of combat operations. There they helped the Iraqi Army through elections and policing actions. Headquartered at Camp Justice with several "FOBs" in the north western part of the city.
  • Operation Enduring Freedom 08-09. In 2008 the 18th Infantry Regiment was part of Combined Joint Force Task 101 in Afghanistan. They operated in Khost, Kunar, Kandahar and Kabul provinces for most of their times in the Chapa Dara and Chahar Dara district before the large offensive.
  • The 1st BN 18 th Inf was assigned to the 197th Inf Bde Sep In Jul 1990 At Ft Benning Ga. When it was deplyed with the 24th Inf Div at Ft Stewart Ga as its round-out Bde and mobilized to Saudi Arbia for Operations Desert Shield /Storm. Upon the units re-deployment back to the US the 197th was re-deisgiated as the 3rd Bde 24th Inf Div. in 1991.

Victory Day[edit]


Lineage
[edit]On 9 May 2010, a detachment from the 2nd Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment represented the United States in Russia's Victory Dayparade across Red Square.[5] They were joined by British, French, and Polish troops as well as detachments from the CIS member states.[5][6] Labeled by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev as the "Anti-Hitler Coalition," it marked the first time in history that American and NATO troops joined the Russian Military in the 9 May parade.[6]

[7]

  • Constituted 3 May 1861, in the Regular Army as the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment.
  • Organized 22 July 1861, at Camp ThomasOhio
  • Reorganized and redesignated 21 September 1866, as the 18th Infantry
  • Consolidated in April 1869 with the 25th Infantry (see ANNEX) and consolidated unit designated as the 18th Infantry
  • Assigned 8 June 1917, to the 1st Expeditionary Division (later redesignated as the 1st Infantry Division)
  • Relieved 15 February 1957, from assignment to the 1st Infantry Division and reorganized as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System
  • Withdrawn 16 June 1989, from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System


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